Shipyards and Suppliers for U. S. Maritime Commission During World War II

Engine Makers for Liberty Ships
Suppliers to Shipyards: "Members Of The Team"
Suppliers who won Maritime Commission "M" Awards, May 1944
Ships Built Under Maritime Commission Contracts by Shipyard

Engine Makers for Liberty Ships

Alabama Marine Engine Company Birmingham, AL
American Shipbuilding Company Cleveland, OH
Canadian Allis-Chalmers Ltd. Montreal, Canada
Clark Bros. Company Cleveland, OH
Dominion Engineering Works Ltd Montreal, Canada
Ellicott Machine Corporation Baltimore, MD
Filer & Stowell Company Milwaukee, WI
General Machinery Corporation Hamilton, OH
Hamilton Engineering Works Brunswick, GA
Harrisburg Machinery Corporation Harrisburg, PA
Iron Fireman Manufacturing Company Portland, OR
Joshua Hendy Ironworks Sunnyvale, CA
John Inglis Company Ltd Toronto, Canada
National Transit Company Oil City, PA
Oregon War Industries Inc. Portland, OR
Springfield Machine & Foundry Company Springfield, MA
Toledo Shipbuilding Company Inc. Toledo, OH
Vulcan Iron Works Wilkes-Barre, PA
Willamerte Iron & Steel Corporation Portland, OR
Worthington Pump & Machinery Corporation Harrison, NJ

Maritime Commission motto Ships for VictorySuppliers to the Shipyards: "Members Of The Team"
Nuts and bolts and sub-assemblies, and a thousand other parts and supplies are furnished for the Victory Fleet by plants both large and small. As Admiral Land wrote to one manufacturer:

"The products you make are component parts of these vessels.... You are important members of the great shipbuilding team which is achieving an almost unbelievable production and thereby helping win this war... We are confidently counting on every man and woman to stand by, as you always have, until the last shot is fired."

And Adm. Vickery told a group of plant workers "I know it's not very exciting beveling plates all day, or turning out castings, or bending pipe. However, that's the way we get ships built. Without you, we would be lost...."

The big shipyards do not hesitate to acknowledge their debt to their many suppliers. Marinship, for instance, says: "There are 15 sub-contractors at Marinship, all real specialists in their lines of work.... Our combined sub-contractors in the yard do 60,000 manhours of work on each tanker and install 150 tons of material on each ship as well. The sub-contractor is tremendously vital to the success of our production.

"The Bethlehem Steel Co. has over 6,000 individual sub-contractors, many of whom in turn are served by other firms, so that a total of more than 30,000 enterprises are at work on Bethlehem's ship and other war programs.

Not all these plants are large. Hundreds of small manufacturing concerns are playing an important role as suppliers. During 1943, 50.2% of contracts over $10,000 awarded by the Maritime Commission went to plants hiring less than 500 employees. They received 2,462 of the 4,881 construction material contracts let during the year. Of 6,990 subcontracts let by shipyards working on Maritime construction, 4,733 were handled by small business firms. Of the 136 plants receiving the "M", 64 were concerns with less than 500 employees.

 

Suppliers who won Maritime Commission "M" Awards, May 1944

Aetna Sales Corp. PA
The Air Preheater Corp. NY
Air Reduction Co., Inc. NY
American Hoist & Derrick Co. MN
American Locomotive Co. NY
Baltimore Copper Paint Co. MD
The Babcock & Wilcox Co. OH
Beaumont Iron Works Co. TX
Bethlehem Steel Co. NY
The Bevis Machine Co. OH
The Brooklyn Assn. for Imp. Cond. of Poor NY
Buckeye Iron & Brass Works OH
Buckler-Chapman OR
R. D. Cole Mfg. Co. GA
Colonial Foundry Co. OH
Columbia Steel Co. CA
Columbia Steel Casting Co. OR
Colvin - Slocum Boats, Inc. MA
Combustion Eng. Co., Inc. (Reine Boiler) MO
Combustion Eng. Co., Inc. (Hedges-Walsh-Weidner) TN
Condenser Service & Eng. Co. (Scranton Pump) PA
C. Lee Cook Mfg. Co. KY
The Cooper-Beseemer Corp. OH & PA
Cramp Brass & Iron Foundries (Baldwin Loc.) PA
Crocker-Wheeler Elec. Mfg. Co. NJ
Curtis Lighting. Inc. IL
Davis Eng. Corp. NJ
Devoe & Raynolds Co. Inc. NY
Dohrmann Hotel Supply Co. CA
Dri-Steam Products, Inc. NY
Eastern Cold Storage Insulation Co. NY
The Edward Valve & Mfg. Co. Inc. IN
Edwards & Co., Inc. CT
Enterprise Wheel & Car Corp. VA & TN
Erie Forge Co. PA
Federal Tel. & Radio Corp. NY
The Filer & Stowell Co. WI
Foran Foundry & Mfg. Co. NJ
Fort Pitt Steel Casting Co PA
General Cable Corp. NY
General Electric Co. PA
General Elec. Co. (Lynn River plant) MA
General Machinery Corp. OH
Globe American Corp. (Stove & Range Div.) IN
The Globe Co. IL
Goldens Foundry & Machine Co. GA
Graham Mfg. Co., Inc. NY
A. P. Green Fire Brick Co. MO
Gunderson Bros. OR
The E. F. Hauserman Co. OH
Joshua Hendy Iron Works CA
Hesse-Ersted Iron Works OR
Homestead Valve Mfg. Co. Inc. PA
Hopeman Bros., Inc. NY
The Ingalls Iron Works (and Birmingham Tank Co.) AL
Inland Steel Co. IL
Iron Firemen Mfg. Co. (Industrial Div.) OR
Isaacson Iron Works WA
Jenkins Bros. CT
Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. PA
Joslyn & Ryan (Naval Architects) CA
Kaiser Co. Inc. (Iron & Steel Div.) CA
The M.W. Kellogg Co. NJ
The Kennedy Valve Mfg. Co. NY
Kerotest Mfg. Co. PA
Koppers Co. (Bartlett-Hayward Div.) MD
Lake Shore Eng. Co. MI
Lewis Bolt & Nut Co. MN
The Linde Air Products Co. NY
The Lionel Corp. NY
Los Angeles Steel Casting Co. CA
John Lucas & Co. Inc. (Marine Div.) PA
Lynchburg Foundry Co. VA
Maine Steel Inc. ME
The Marion Steam Shovel Co. OH
Martin-Parry Corp. PA
Mercer Tube & Mfg. Co. PA
Mine Safety Appliance Co. PA
Minneapolis-Moline Power Implement Co. MN
Monarch Forge & Machine Works OR
William T. Morris NY
National Malleable & Steel Castings Co. PA
The Natlional Radiator Co. PA
The National Supply Co. (Superior Eng.) OH
National Tile & Marble Corp. NY
Nordberg Mfg. Co. WI
Oil Well Supply Co. NY
Pacific Valve & Pump Exchange CA
Paxton Mitchell Co. NE
Pennsylvania Range Boiler Co. PA
Penn Steel Castings Co. PA
Phelps Dodge Copper Products Corp. (L.A. Tube) CA
The Pitcairn Co. (Pitts. Valve & Fitting) OH
Pottsville Castings & Machine Shop, Inc PA
The William Powell Co. OH
Production Eng. Co. CA
Radiomarine Corp. of America NY
Reading-Pratt & Cady Div. (Am. Ch. Cable) PA
Republic Steel Corp. OH
Russell & Erwin Mfg. Co. CT
Scott Graff Co. (Industrial Const. Corp.) MN
Scott Radio Laboratories IL
Security Eng. Co., Inc. CA
Selby, Battersby & Co. PA
George G. Sharp (Naval Architect) NY
Simplex Wire & Cable Co. MA
W. & J. Sloane Company of Mastercraftsmen NY
Socony Paint Products (Div. Of Soc. Vacuum Oil Co.) NY
The Stearns Co. IL
Sterling Steel Foundry Co. PA
Stetson-Ross Machine Co. WA
Rd. Steves & Sons (Steves Sash & Door Co.) TX
Sumner Iron Works WA
L. Theiss & Sons Corp. NY
Trill Indicator Co. PA
Tube Turns Inc. KY
The Turl Iron & Car Co., Inc. NY
The Union Metal Mfg. Co. OH
Union Steam Pump Co. MI
V-X-M Co., Inc. TX
Warman Steel Casting Co. CA
Washington Iron Works WA
Washington Stove Works WA
Watkins Inc. KS
Webster-Brinkley Co. WA
Western Hardwood Lumber Co. (P.J. Walker) CA
Western Industrial Eng. Co. CA
Westinghouse Elec. & Mfg. Co. (Mer. Marine) PA
Melvin & Wilfrid O. White Co. MA
Whitin Machine Works MA
The Wickes Boiler Co. MA
Wickwire-Spencer Steel Co. NY
Wilson-Snyder Mfg. Div. (Oil Well Supply) PA
Worthington Pump & Machinery Corp. NY
Young Iron Works WA
The Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. OH

Ships Built Under Maritime Commission Contracts by Shipyard: January 1939 through August 1945*

*Additional ships were built after this date.

** Correct total of Liberty ships completed is 2,710

  Total Liberty Victory C-type Coast. Tanker Pass. Tug Barge Ore Military  

Total

5,558 2,757** 379 547 288 660 1 124 158 21 623  

Alabama DD & SB Co.

118 20       98           AL 

Avondale Marine Ways

20       12     8       LA

Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard Inc.

92     24   48         20 MD

Bethlehem-Alameda Shipyard Inc.

7                   7 CA

Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc

493 384 79               30 MD

California SB Corp.

456 336 90               30 CA

Consolidated Steel Corporation (Long Beach & Wilmington)

164     65 34           65 CA

Delta Shipbuilding Co.

183 183                   LA

Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company

82     54   10         18 NJ

Froemming Brothers

24       12     8     4 WI

Globe Shipbuilding Company (Duluth & Superior)

27       9     10     8 MN
WI

Gulf Shipbuilding Corporation

29     29               MS 

Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation (Decatur)

9       9             GA

Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation (Pascagoula)

62     49             13 MS

J. A. Jones Construction Company (Brunswick)

91 85     6             GA

J. A. Jones Construction Company (Panama City)

100 99       1           FL

Kaiser Company (Richmond No. 3)

44                   44 CA

Kaiser Company Inc. (Richmond No. 4)

34       22           12 CA

Kaiser-Swan Island

140         140           OR

Kaiser-Vancouver

118 2                 116 WA

Leathem D. Smith Shipbuilding Company

33       25           8 WI

Marinship Corp.

88 15       60         13 CA

McCloskey & Company (Houston)

38     38               TX

Moore Dry Dock Company

90     76             14 CA

New England Shipbuilding Corp.

239 239                   ME

Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company

18     14   3 1         VA

North Carolina Shipbuilding Company

223 126     65           32 NC

 

Total Liberty Victory C-type Coastal Tanker Pass. Tug Barge Ore Military State 

Oregon SB Corp.

453
330
92
31
OR

Pennsylvania Shipyards Inc.

92
46
38
8
TX

Permanente Metals-Richmond #1 & 2

629
489
118
22
CA

Pusey & Jones Corporation

19
19
PA

Southeastern Shipbuilding Corporation

92
88
4
GA

St. Johns River SB

85
82
3
FL

Sun Shipbuildng & Dry Dock Company

318
35
240
35
8
PA

Todd-Houston SB Corp.

212
208
4
TX

Walsh-Kaiser SB Corp.

63
10
53
RI

Walter Butler Shipbuilders Inc. (Superior)

52
40
12
WI

Walter Butler Shipbuilders Inc. (Duluth)

26
26
MN

Welding SY, Inc.

12
12
 

Western Pipe & Steel Company

44
31
13
CA

Total

5,558
2,757
379
547
288
660
1
124
158
21
623
 

 

Other shipyards

 

Total Liberty Victory C-type Coast. Tanker Pass. Tug Barge Ore Military
Other shipyards listed below 439 61   40 13 44   90 123 21 47

Albina Engine & Machine Works

OR

American Shipbuilding Company (Cleveland)

OH

American Shipbuilding Company (Lorain)

OH

Anacortes Slipways Inc.

WA

Arlington Shipbuilding & Engineering Corporation

FL

Arthur G. Blair & Company

 

Astoria Shipbuilding Company

CA

Barnes-Duluth Shipbuilding Company

WI

Barrett & Hilp, Belair Shipbuilding

CA

Bath Iron Works

ME

Belfast Shipbuilding Company

ME

Bethlehem Steel Company (Quincy)

MA

Bethlehem Steel Company (Hoboken)

NJ

Bethlehem Steel Company (San Francisco)

CA

Bethlehem Steel Company (Staten Island)

NY

Birchfield Shipbuilding & Boiler Company Inc.

WA

Brunswick Marine Construction Company

GA

Calumet Shipyard & Dry Dock Company

IL

Camden Shipbuilding & Marine Railway Company

ME

Canulette Shipbuilding Company

LA

Casco Shipbuilding Company Inc.

ME

Charleston Navy Yard

SC

Columbia River Packers Association Inc.

OR

Concrete Ship Constructors Inc.

CA

Corpus Christi Shipbuilding Company

TX

Eureka Shipbuilding Company

CA

Everett Pacific Shipbuilding & Drydock Company

WA

General Ship & Engine Works

ME

Great Lakes Engineering Works (Ashtabula)

OH

Great Lakes Engineering Works (Ecorse)

 

Great Lakes Engineering Works (River Rouge)

 

Gulf Shipbuilding Corporation

MS

Hodgson-Greene-HaIdeman Shipbuilders

CA

Ira S. Bushey & Sons Inc.

 

John H. Mathis Company

 

Levingston Shipbuilding Company

TX

Love Construction & Energy Company

 

MacEvoy Shipbuilding Corporation

GA

Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company

WI

Mare Island Navy Yard

CA

Marinette Marine Shipbuilding Company

 

McCloskey & Company (Tampa)

FL

New York Shipbuilding Company

 

Olympic Shiphuilders Inc

WA

Pacific Bridge Company

CA

Pendleton Shipyard Company

LA

Penn-Jersey Shipbuilding Company

 

Pennsylvania Shipyards Inc.

TX

Pensacola Shipyard & Engineering Company

FL

Pointer Willamette Company

WA

Puget Sound Navy Yard

WA

Puget Sound Shipbuilding Company

WA

Richmond Shipbuilding Company

ME

San Jacinto Shipbuilding Company

TX

Seabell Shipbuilding Company

WA

Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation

WA

Siletz Boat Works

OR

Standard Shipbuilding Company

CA

Steinbach Iron Works

OR

Tampa Shipbuilding & Engineering Company

FL

Texas Shipbuilding Company

TX

Todd Erie Basin DD Inc

NY

Todd-Galveston DD Inc.

TX

Todd Seattle Drydocks Inc.

WA

Todd Shipbuilding Corporation

WA

Todd Shipyards Corporation

CA

Todd-Pacific Shipyards Inc.

WA

Traverse City Shipbuilding Company

MI

Waterways Engineering Corporation

 

Sources:
The Liberty Ships; The history of the"emergency" type cargo ships constructed in the United States during World War II
, L. A. Sawyer and W. H. Mitchell, Cambridge, Maryland: Cornell Maritime Press, 1970
From America to United States: The History of the long-range Merchant shipbuilding Programme of the Unites States Maritime Commission (1937-1952) Part 4, L.A. Sawyer and W.H.Mitchell, London: World Ship Society, 1986.
The Victory Fleet, U. S. Maritime Commission, Vol II, No 45, May 8, 1944
The Victory Fleet, U. S. Maritime Commission, Vol IV, No 14, October 1, 1945

107 Operators of American Flag Ships During World War II
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